Schroeder AS, Huss K, Blaschek A, Koerte IK, Zeycan B, Roser T, Langhagen T, Schwerin A, Berweck S, Reilich P, Schaefer J, Straube A, Heinen F
Neuropediatrics 2012 Dec;43(6):339-45
INTRODUCTION: A total of 83% of children report headache during a 6-month period. The estimated 1-year prevalence of chronic daily headache (CDH) in children is at least 1 to 2%. Muscle pain is associated with headache severity and chronicity. Muscle pain can be associated with active muscular trigger points, a functional concept still remaining a controversy. An integrated approach including bio-behavioral management is accepted as standard treatment but does not provide sufficient pain relief in all patients.
OBJECTIVE: We report the individual clinical course of five adolescents with treatment-refractory CDH associated with focal muscle pain. We describe a concept of short-term integrative intervention including botulinum toxin (StiBo) in a personalized “follow the referred pain pattern” injection regimen with the focus on long-term follow-up.
RESULTS: StiBo showed short-term efficacy on headache frequency and severity. In the long-term follow-up, CDH was not existent in any of the patients.
CONCLUSION: The treatment may have enabled the patients to draw attention away from a repeated circle of muscle-triggered pain and withdrawal of daily activities toward self-driven activities, thereby potentially preventing the development of further chronification. To prove this hypothesis, a prospective, placebo-controlled study in young adolescents with CDH should be initiated including objective outcome parameters on muscular level.