Ferrell RB, Tanev KS
Curr Psychiatry Rep 2002 Oct;4(5):354-62
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a serious health risk for older adults, and the consequences of TBI range from full recovery to death. For many who survive, there is a legacy of cognitive, physical, and emotional disability. Falls are the major cause of head injury in older adults. There are many risk factors including pre-existing brain disease, other diseases, and, sometimes, iatrogenic factors. Efforts directed at prevention are of great importance. Outcome studies indicate that outcome is generally worse for older people than for younger people with similar injuries, but older individuals also deserve aggressive rehabilitation directed at the best possible recovery. This review will discuss the symptoms and syndromes that commonly result from TBI with comments about treatment.