Short-echo time proton MR spectroscopy in the presence of gadolinium

Lin AP, Ross BD

J Comput Assist Tomogr 2001 Sep-Oct;25(5):705-12

PMID: 11584229


PURPOSE: The purpose of this work was to quantify the impact of contrast agents on short-TE single-voxel 1H MR spectroscopy (MRS) diagnosis of recurrent brain tumors.

METHOD: Short-TE 1H MRS was performed in 49 patients with biopsy-proven brain tumors and 14 control subjects. Eight patients (nine paired exams) were examined before and after administration of Gd-DTPA (interval approximately 5-7 min).

RESULTS: Tumor spectra showed increased choline/creatine ratio (Cho/Cr; p < 0.009) and Cho concentrations (p < 0.02). Receiver operator characteristic for Cho/Cr = 0.93 differentiated 100% of tumors from control in the absence or presence of contrast agent. Repeated 1H MRS varied <3%. Cho T2 was significantly longer than Cr T2 (p < 0.02).

CONCLUSION: Proton MRS with TE of 30 ms may safely be used in combined contrast-enhanced MRI/MRS protocols. Further study is required with long-TE MRS because of the prolonged T2 of Cho.