England B, Lee A, Tran T, Faw H, Yang P, Lin A, Colletti P, Roth F, Ross BD
J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 2005;7(5):827-34
Current patient selection criteria for Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy (CRT), an efficacious treatment for heart failure, include no measure of disconjugate cardiac contractility other than prolonged QRS on electrocardiogram. Using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, we examined the roles of cardiac asymmetry, asynchrony, and circumferential strain in DCC with the principal aim of generating a robust numerical index for use in future trials of CRT. Standard cardiac magnetic resonance imaging was done on a GE 1.5 Tesla Signa LX MRI clinical scanner (GE Healthcare, Milwaukee, WI, USA) and analyzed by MASS Analysis (MEDIS, Leiden, The Netherlands). The methods were evaluated in eleven patients with advanced heart failure due to ischemic and non-ischemic cardiomyopathy, who did not qualify under current criteria for CRT, five CRT candidates pre-op and eleven normal subjects. Using t-test and standardized differences (SD = sd/diff, Power (N) = number of patients to reach p < .05) we determined efficacy. Indices of asymmetry and asynchrony (Ism and Isn, respectively) could be measured with accuracy and provided excellent statistical power when used as surrogate markers to delineate heart failure and CRT patients from control subjects. Asymmetry and asynchrony in heart contraction are both critical components of dilated cardiomyopathy that can be improved by CRT. Magnetic resonance asynchrony is efficacious in screening patients and should now be compared with recently published echocardiography data to improve outcome for this costly but valuable therapy.