Hydrocephalus in childhood: Causes and imaging patterns

Pomschar A, Koerte I, Peraud A, Heinen F, Herber-Jonat S, Reiser M, Ertl-Wagner B.

Radiologe. 2012 Sep;52(9):813-20.


Causes and imaging patterns of hydrocephalus differ depending on the age of the patient. Traditionally, hydrocephalus was classified into non-communicating and communicating hydrocephalus but more recent classifications also take the site of occlusion and the etiology into account.
For the diagnostic work-up computed tomography (CT), sonography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are available and MRI is the method of choice for children and adolescents as it allows determination of the cause and location of a possible obstruction.