Hamoda HM, Bauer MS, DeMaso DR, Sanders KM, Mezzacappa E
Harv Rev Psychiatry 2011 Mar-Apr;19(2):78-85
The Institute of Medicine recently identified a critical shortage of psychiatrist-researchers and highlighted the need for competency-based curricula that promote research training during psychiatry residency as a way to address that shortage. In this article we review extant approaches to research training during psychiatry residency. We then identify five core elements necessary for promoting research training: (1) mentoring, (2) education, (3) experience, (4) time, and (5) support. We describe six interrelated domains of core research competencies that can be mastered gradually over the course of residency training: (1) research literacy, (2) content mastery of specific research topics, (3) principles of research design and methods, (4) principles of biostatistics, (5) presentation and writing skills, including grant writing, and (6) principles of responsible conduct of research. Finally, we propose a broadly applicable, developmental, competency-based framework for applying these core elements to research training during psychiatry residency.