Kikinis Z, Eisenstein RS, Bettany AJ, Munro HN
Nucleic Acids Res. 1995 Oct;23(20):4190-5
Iron regulates synthesis of the iron storage protein ferritin at the translational level through interaction between a stem-loop structure, the iron-responsive element (IRE), located in the 5′-untranslated region (5′-UTR) of ferritin mRNAs, and a protein, the iron regulatory protein (IRP). The role of IRE secondary structure in translational regulation of ferritin synthesis was explored by introducing ferritin constructs containing mutations in the IRE into Rat-2 fibroblasts. Our in vivo studies demonstrate that size and sequence of the loop within the IRE and the distance and/or spatial relationship of this loop to the bulged nucleotide region closest to the loop must be preserved in order to observe iron-dependent translation of ferritin mRNA. In contrast, changes in nucleotide sequence of the upper stem can be introduced without affecting translational regulation in vivo, as long as a stem can be formed. Our in vivo results suggest that only a very small variation in the affinity of interaction of IRP with IRE can be tolerated in order to maintain iron-dependent regulation of translation.